Assam – the charming one of the seven sisters is a beauty in her own way. With the mighty Brahmaputra River overpowering the landscape of the state, both the environment and culture of the state is shaped by the Brahmaputra. The state thus has a heterogeneous variety of landscapes, flora and fauna. It is also one of the greenest states of the country and a large part of it is covered by forests. The tea gardens here are world-famous.
What is so special about Assam:
Assam is a land of unending beauty. The countryside is refreshing to the eyes because of its lush green sceneries. The vast expanse of the tea plantations, never-ending paddy fields and the verdant forest cover makes the state one of the greenest. The mighty Brahmaputra River forms the soul of the state with numerous riverine islands and sand banks on its banks that looks inviting and wonderful. The mountains and hills surrounding the state speak of the beauty of the place.
The cities here are equally enchanting. Guwahati is the largest city of Assam and one of the most important commercial centres of the region. Dispur is the capital city. Dibrugarh, Jorhat, Tezpur, Tinsukia are all known for the oil refineries and tea industries.
Call of the Wild:
The forests of Assam are the home ta o rich variety of flora and fauna, the most popular inhabitants of its jungles is the rare one-horned rhinoceros. It has one of the densest and the richest forests in the world. These forests are also the home to numerous other species such as wild buffaloes, gaur, elephants, swamp deer, hog deer, barking deer and tigers. Various species of primates such as hoolock gibbons, Assamese macaque, pig-tailed monkeys, capped langurs and golden langurs can be also seen in the wild. The wetlands of Assam attracts numerous migratory birds during the winters likan e imperial pigeon, ibis Bill, Himalayan kingfisher, pelican, parakeets, fish Eagle and drongos.
The main wildlife sanctuaries and national parks of Assam are the Kaziranga WLS, Manas WLS, Nameri National Park and Pabitora WLS.
Heritage & Culture:
The state is the home to the diverse culture of several ethnic groups and communities of various regions. Assam boasts of a unique combination of classical religions as well as tribal heritage. It can be said that modern Assamese culture is the culmination of the various kingdoms that have ruled the land over ages.
The state is known for its exquisite handicrafts made from cane, bamboo & brass as well as silk weaved in the town of Sualkuchi.
Assam is thus a land of beautiful nature combined with the mysticism and charm of indigenous culture and practices. The spectacular landscapes, the verdant wildlife of Assam can lure the travellers as well as the simple rural beauty of the place. The colourful festivals, the unique monastical practices and the traditions of the place is a perfect destination for all those who are seeking something different. Travel to Assam for an adventure of a lifetime.
Festivals of Assam:
It is one of the main festivals of the state celebrated in the month of April. It is celebrated for a week with different celebrations in each of the seven days. It is the spring festival celebrated with great fervour and is dedicated to the welfare of the cattle as agriculture forms an important part of Assamese society. The highlight of the festival is the Bihu dance and the traditional Husori songs.
The Ambubachi Mela is annually celebrated during the monsoon season at the Kamakhyadevi Temple at Guwahati, Assam. The festival is also known as the Kamakhya Devi Puja and is closely related to the Tantric cult. The festival celebrates the menstruation course of the goddess Kamakhya.
Raas is one of the most celebrated festivals of the state. Raas is a part of the Neo-Vaishnav culture of the Vaishnavite sect of Hinduism which was started by the medieval saint SrimantaSankardev. The Raas festival showcases the traditional Bhaona dance that depicts tales from the Hindu Mythology. Raas usually takes place around the full moon night during mid-November. Majuli, the centre of Neo-Vaishnavite culture of the state celebrates Raas with great pomp and devotion.
Bhogali Bihu or Magh Bihu is a community festival of Assam celebrated during mid-January. It is also a harvest festival celebrated by the Assamese people thanking for the abundance of food after a good harvest. The festival also marks Makar Sankranti, or the transit of the sun towards the Tropic of Cancer. Many other communities across India also celebrate the same occasion as it marks the end of winter and the beginning of longer days.
Climate of Assam:
The state mainly has four seasons. The winter nights tend to be very cold. April to May is somewhat hot and humid when the season changes to summer.
The warm weather lasts from June to September when the climate can become very hot and humid, but the monsoons start from July and last till September bringing abundant rain. Autumn is short lasting from October to November when the weather usually remains pleasant.
Best Season: October to April.