The northeast Indian states are one of the lesser explored states of India. With its surreal natural beauty and ethnic tribes and cultures, the eight states are simply spellbinding and exotic in their landscapes and ways. The Northeast Indian states are a land of undulating hills and plains with a verdant green cover having a rare variety of flora and fauna. Wildlife in these states is rare and striking. Do you know what are the state animals of these eight states? If not, read on to know about the eight remarkable and exquisite species that form the state animals of the northeast state.
Sikkim – Red Panda
The Red Panda is one of the endangered species in the world. With its natural habitat in Sikkim, it is quite obvious that these cute animals will be the state animal of Sikkim. Kanchendzonga National Park, Singalila National Park and Namdhapa National Park are the only places in India are the protected places designed for conservation of red pandas.
Trivia: The name of the Firefox web browser is derived from a nickname of the red panda.
Assam – One-horned rhinoceros
The India one-horned rhinoceros are one of the rarest mammals on the earth. Listed as vulnerable in the IUCN list, Assam has a considerable population of rhinos in the Kaziranga, Manas, Pobitora and Orang National parks.
Trivia: World Rhino Day is celebrated on September 22
Arunachal Pradesh – Gayal
Gayals are mostly inhabitants of hills and forests and are said to be the domesticated form of the big Indian Gaur. To the Idu Mishmi, Nyishi people or Adi tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, the possession of gayal is the traditional measure of a family’s wealth.
Manipur – Sangai
The Sangai is an endemic and endangered subspecies of brow-antlered deer found only in the state of Manipur. The deer is found in the Keibul Lamjao National Park. It is largely seen over the floating biomass, locally called “phumdi” in the South Eastern part of Loktak Lake inside the park.
Trivia: Sangai was believed to be almost extinct by 1950, but six individuals were spotted in 1953 and the State of Manipur has protected the species to increase the population to 204.
Sangai still faces threat from the steadily degenerating habitat of phumdi as a result of continuous inundation and flooding caused due to an artificial reservoir. The water of the reservoir is degrading because of pollution and thus nutrient supply is stopped.
Meghalaya – Clouded Leopard
One of the rarest and most elusive animals on the planet, the clouded leopard is the smallest of the five big cats found in India. In India, they are found in West Bengal, Meghalaya, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.
Trivia: The clouded leopard is an almost monkey-like climber and has been observed hanging from branches from its rear feet upside down! The clouded leopards are also very capable swimmers.
Mizoram – Himalayan Serow
The Serow is a goat-antelope found in the Himalayas and some parts of Bangladesh and is a threatened and endangered species mostly due to its habitat loss and hunting for meat.
Trivia: The Serows mark their territories by rubbing a secretion from their preorbital glands on rocks. They also marked their territories with trails, dung heaps, and scents.
Nagaland – Mithun
Mithun is a semi-domesticated form of the Gaur found only in the northeastern states of India. Also known as the ‘Cattle of Mountain” is an important bovine species and plays an important part in the socio-economic and cultural life of the local tribal population.
Tripura – Phayre’s Langur
The Phayre’s Langur is also known as the Phayre’s Leaf Monkey and is known for its unique spectacled looks. The species is endangered as it has lost more than 50% of its population in the last 35 years because of loss of habitat due to jhum (slash and burn) cultivation, timber logging and hunting. Phayre’s Langur is found in Sepahijala, Trishna and Gumti Wildlife sanctuaries in Tripura.
Trivia: Sepahijala National Park is the only place where these “spectacle monkeys” are conserved.
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