Nagaland – the land of the hospitable Nagas is a land of folklore and fables passed down from generations. Undoubtedly, the wild east of India, it is a land of brave warriors and hunters and traditional heroes who have been eulogized by the folk songs of the land. The people of Nagaland are so musically inclined.
Nagaland is a beautiful hilly terrain and the home to 16 tribes who can be distinguished by their own colourful and intricate costumes, jewellery and beads that they so proudly adorn. The Nagas have always been brave warriors and a few tribes had been practising headhunting as war trophies. Headhunting now has been banned in the state since 1970.
Nagaland is bounded by Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Myanmar on its four sides and is blessed with a salubrious climate all through the year. If you are looking for a holiday amidst the nature or an adventure towards the unknown, Nagaland can offer you wonder.
Why Visit Nagaland?
Nagaland is a colorful place. Officially there are 16 tribes in the state and each of the tribe is unique in their own way. They have their own tradition and cultures. Nagaland has always invited curious visitors and anthropologists from around the world to learn about the tribal lifestyles and customs.
Call of the Wild:
Nagaland is a mountainous state with winding pathways, serrated ridges and dense evergreen forests. The Dzukou Valley is one of the most beautiful valleys of the region. The famed Dzukou Lily blooms only for a few weeks in the area during the rainy season.
Nagaland is a natural habitat of birds. Tragopans, one of the most beautiful pheasants of India are found in Nagaland. The Blythe Tragopan is found only in Nagaland. Four different types of hornbills are also found in Nagaland – Great Pied Honbill, Rufous-necked Hornbill, White throated Hornbill and Wreathed Hornbill. Major wild life sanctuaries include Intanki WLS, Ghosu Bird sanctuary and Fakim WLS.
Heritage & Culture:
The colourful land is perfectly complimented by its equally vibrant and proud inhabitants known for their hospitality and warmth towards their guests and visitors. The natives are mainly of Tibeto-Burmese origin. The Ao tribe in the Mokokchung region is one of the largest tribes in Nagaland. The Angami tribes are the residents of Kohima region and are well known for their art and culture and their colourful costumes. The Konyak tribe in the secluded Mon region was known for their head hunting traditions and their war dances. Although the tribes are different in their customs, their origin can be traced back to the Living Stones of Khezakeno village. The tribes are said to have migrated in different directions from here.
All these tribes are very fond of song, music and dance. So in Nagaland, the whole year is a time of festival. The famous Hornbill festival is organized by the Nagaland State government in the month of December to showcase each of the tribes.
The natural beauty and the indigenous charm of Nagaland have made this state a coveted destination for travellers and for all those who seek a little difference in their travel. Nagas generally love fun and frolic and festivals are a part of their life.
Festivals of Nagaland:
Hornbill Festival is the most popular festival of Nagaland when people from all over the world gather at festival grounds for 10 days of spectacle. Usually held during the month of December, the hornbill Festival is organized by the tourism department and showcases the heritage and culture of all the 16 tribes of Nagaland.
The Aoling is celebrated by the entire Konyak community in the first week of Aoleeang Lee (April). Aoling is harvest festival that is observed after completion of sowing of new seeds in the field. It also marks the end of the old year and the beginning of the new year in spring.
The Moatsu is celebrated by the Ao tribes after the sowing of seeds are done. Celebrated during the first week of May, the tribes follow various rituals and rites in Moatsu. It is customary to make rice beer and rear the best possible pigs and cows to be slaughtered during the festival. The festival is the time of much fun and merry-making along with traditional folk songs and dances.
This is the festival of the Angami tribe celebrated during the month of February. It is the festival of purification celebrated with singing, dancing and grand feast.
Climate of Nagaland:
The climate is pleasant all throughout the year. Summer can be hot and humid in the plains and the main cities.
Monsoon: May to September
Best Season: October to April
Inner Line Permit is required to visit Nagaland